When reading books and articles about the Russo-Ukraine Conflict it is worth keeping in mind the possibility that you might be subject to cognitive bias. Worth noting this article:
What Is Cognitive Bias? (
'A cognitive bias is a systematic error in thinking that occurs when people are processing and interpreting information in the world around them and affects the decisions and judgments that they make.'
Very Well Mind notes the following signs that you might be subject to cognitive bias:
  • Only paying attention to news stories that confirm your opinions
  • Assuming that everyone else shares your opinions or beliefs
  • Learning a little about a topic and then assuming you know all there is to know about it
Worth also noting the following:
Why We Fall for Fake News | Center for Information Technology and Society - UC Santa Barbara (
It is also important to be aware of Confirmation Bias'....This from Britannica:
confirmation bias, the tendency to process information by looking for, or interpreting, information that is consistent with one’s existing beliefs