Introduction to Australian Maritime Doctrine (2010)
As the world's largest island nation, Australia sits in a region experiencing the greatest number of maritime border disputes. Given Australia's vast sovereign mass and maritime seascape, the nation’s security strategy requires a maritime approach. Maritime strategy provides advantages to further national power via concepts such as sea control, a naval force's principle objective within a maritime campaign. Such advantages come with the use of the sea, not the possession of the sea itself, and control is limited in time. Unlike that of the land domain, no military force can 'possess' the air nor the sea. Rather military forces seek to seize control of these domains by exerting overwhelming control and preventing an adversary from pursuing their strategic objectives. This is particularly important to Australia given its proximity and reliance on the sea lines of communication (SLOCs) for sustainment and growth of the national economy through global trade. Australian Maritime Strategy is fundamental to protecting our nation and its interests, both here and abroad. As you learn about maritime doctrine consider how air power contributes to the overall security strategy, how sea and air power’s characteristics balance each other and, importantly, consider the effect that can be created using a joint approach.