In a world full of misinformation and disinformation, it is easy to be fed unreliable—even dishonest—information.


  • When using online resources, you must check the source of the information you are using; note the following:
  • Tacoma Community College in Tacoma, Washington, offers an informative website that helps to inform people how to sort facts from fiction. 
  •, Truth or Fiction and PolitiFact are reliable sources for checking how accurate a story or rumour is. Tacoma Community College also links to a HuffPost article titled. 
  • How to recognize a fake news story that lists nine helpful tips to stop you from sharing false information. It's essential to be critical of information, particularly online information and the sources behind that information. 
  • Media Bias/Fact Check is an independent media outlet aiming to educate web users about media bias and deceptive online sources.
  • Media Bias can also be very useful in helping you to identify the bias of an online news source.


  • Oct 2020 Real Simple How to Spot Fake News and Fact-Check the Internet
  • Oct 2020 Scientific American The Psychology of Fact-Checking
  • 2021 Columbia Journalism Review CJR index of fake-news, clickbait, and hate sites
  • Feb 2021 ScienceDirect The Psychology of Fake News