ASPI's report on maritime security highlights Indo-Pacific islands lack adequate maritime security regarding coordination, equipment, maintenance and operational funding. It also notes that air surveillance of areas of national maritime jurisdiction is sporadic. Not surprising when they are preoccupied with challenges posed by climate change threats, and major powers targeting them to gain a strategic edge or expand their political influence. An example of the latter would include China's Belt and Road Initiative - a global franchising of infrastructure development with hefty default clauses. ASPI recommendations for national maritime security strategies, when teamed with the Australian Government’s ‘Pacific Step-Up’, would increase the ADF's involvement in regional support through greater air support such as surveillance patrols and emergency airlifts. Consider the raise, train, sustain implications for Air Force.