The writer of this article claims that the 2021 Russo–Ukraine conflict is the first example of a fully-fledged cyberwar.


Manoj Nair writing in the Hoop News, makes the following points:
  • Cyberwar involves state-sponsored actors.
  • It supports an overall war effort.
  • There are seven different classes of malware and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks that target telecommunications, oil and gas terminals etc.
  • Although not traditionally regarded as a cyberwar, information operations weaponise public information.
  • Businesses can suffer collateral damage by being associated with one side by doing business in the region.


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    Source Information: The Hoop News