Australia received a thunderous response from Southeast Asia when it announced its trilateral security partnership with the UK and the US in 2021—but was more cautious with the update on its chosen AUKUS submarine pathway.


This article by the United States Studies Centre (USSC) makes the following points:
  • Australian officials pursued transparent diplomacy, including briefing China on the submarine pathway.
  • More than 60 phone calls were made by the Prime Minister (and other Ministers) in advance of the submarine announcement.
  • Malaysia and Indonesia remained sceptical, while the Philippines and Taiwan offered strong support.
  • The Government's diplomatic approach had the most significant impact among the Pacific Island States.


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