In this article, Freedman, an expert on strategy, argues that autocrats make catastrophic decisions because people around them tell them what they want to hear, not what they need to hear—further, the press and TV act as an echo chamber for the autocrats' views. Unlike autocracies, leaders in western liberal democracies receive lots of criticism.


This article by Peter Beaumont, writing for The Guardian, makes the following points:
  • Freedman says the flawed thinking behind Russia's invasion stems from the inability of autocracies to take responsibility for their mistakes.
  • In Freedman's view, a key failure of the Russian invasion of Ukraine is that the key figures around Putin either did not understand Ukraine or acted as an echo chamber for Putin's views.


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    Source: Guardian, The