The War highlights the complexity and unpredictability of modern conflict, illustrating key lessons in weaponry, deterrence, and the interplay of hard and soft power.


  1. Old and new weapons complement each other.
  2. Nuclear deterrence depends on the stakes involved, not just capabilities.
  3. Economic interdependence doesn’t prevent conflict.
  4. Sanctions increase costs but not the short-term outcomes.
  5. Information warfare shapes narratives and public perception.