The Strategic Review team needs to answer the question what type of defence force Australia needs now and in the future—history might help by looking at how the question was answered in 1945.


This article by Richard Dunley, writing for ASPI, makes the following points:
  • In 1945, defence heads were tasked with determining what sort of defence force Australia needed.
  • The 1945 report identified three major dangers: interruption of sea communication, sporadic raids and invasion of the mainland or adjacent islands.
  • Although Australia’s political and economic position in the world has changed since 1945, our geography remains the same, as do many of the same challenges faced in 1945


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