Ukrainian civilian and military leaders listen to their subordinates, offering them a clear purpose, resources, guidance, and ongoing support.


  1. Note Ukraine seems to be practising: Auftragstaktik and Mission Command are military doctrines that emphasize decentralized decision-making and empowering subordinate commanders to exercise their initiative within the framework of the commander's intent.
  2. Allowing subordinate leaders to get on with the job enables their superiors to plan for the future.
  3. The moral component of combat power reinforces culture, values, and legitimacy-the basis of the will to fight.
  4. The intellectual element of combat power provides the knowledge of war, strategy, and cognitive capability.
  5. Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov and Commander-in-Chief Valerii Zaluzhny have provided strong leadership complementing President Zelensky's national leadership.


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