BLUF

The Japanese supercomputer the Fugaku—designed to deal with real-world problems such as climate change—is officially three times faster than any of its rivals.

Summary

Supercomputers are defined by performance in the following categories:
  • raw computational speed
  • big data processing
  • deep learning with artificial intelligence
  • practical simulation calculations
The Fugaku was built with 'an application-first philosophy’ and was designed to tackle climate change by providing more accurate weather predictions. The Fugaku design team focused on nine areas: medicine, pharmacology, disaster prediction and prevention, environmental sustainability, and energy. Developing a supercomputer is not cheap, and the Fugaku cost 1.25B USD. To win the top award, the Fugaku conducted more than 442 quadrillion calculations per second—which is three times faster than the second-fastest computer in the world the USA's Summit System. The Fugaku represents a significant change to supercomputer performance. Think about Australian specific challenges which the Fugaku might be able to help solve.