Admiral Sergey Gorshkov, commander of the Soviet Navy from 1956 to 1985, challenged not only the USN and NATO at sea but also the Soviet politburo by developing an instrument for displaying Soviet power throughout the world. Gorshkov managed to build a fleet in the face of army's strong influence. His fleet was menacingly effective, albeit expensive. Gorshkov’s successes in arguing for his cause against the powerful army establishment is counterproductive as a concept in today’s terms. The ADF, as a joint force, does not have the luxury of favouring one environmental force over another as the sea, land, and air domains are interdependent in a network-centric environment. But Gorshkov is worthy of study as a military leader and innovator.