Summary

Williamson Murray and Mark Grimsley explain strategy as a 'process of constant adaption to shifting conditions and circumstances in the world where chance, uncertainty, and ambiguity dominate. Moreover, it is a world in which the actions, intentions, and purposes of other participants remain shadowy and indistinct, taxing the wisdom and intuition of the canniest policymaker.' Strategy involves 'human passions, values, and beliefs...' In such a world Carl von Clausewitz suggests that a strategy must always fall short in the face of such complexities. Influences are those 'levers' that shape or have an effect on strategic objectives such as economics drivers, proximity to potential adversaries, ideology, culture, history and preconceptions'. The Runway will focus specifically on our near region.