The Korean War (1950-1953) was a conflict between North Korea, supported by China and the Soviet Union, and South Korea, backed by the United Nations, particularly the United States. The war began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea, aiming to unify the peninsula under communism. Despite the seesawing of control, an armistice in 1953 resulted in the establishment of the Korean Demilitarized Zone around the 38th parallel, maintaining the division between North and South Korea. No formal peace treaty was ever signed, leaving the two Koreas technically at war. This conflict was a major event in the Cold War era, reflecting global ideological divisions.

Air Power
  1. Air Superiority: The UN, especially the U.S., gained early air dominance, hampering North Korean air effectiveness.
  2. Close Air Support: Aircraft crucially supported ground troops, impacting battle outcomes.
  3. Strategic Bombing: Bombing targeted North Korean infrastructure and supply lines to weaken their war capacity.
  4. Air Interdiction: Interdiction campaigns aimed to disrupt enemy troop movement and supplies, especially after Chinese intervention.
  5. Innovation and Technological Advancements: The war saw the first extensive use of jet aircraft, influencing future warfare and military aviation development.