The Vietnam War (1955-1975) was a conflict between communist North Vietnam, backed by China and the Soviet Union, and capitalist South Vietnam, supported by the US and its allies. The aim was reunification under a single government: communist for the North and Viet Cong rebels, capitalist for the South. The war, marked by severe combat, civilian casualties, and US anti-war protests, ended with Saigon's fall to the North and Vietnam's reunification under communism.
- Operation Rolling Thunder: A prolonged bombing campaign aimed at discouraging North Vietnam's support for the Viet Cong.
- Air Mobility and CAS: The significant aid of airpower and helicopters to ground forces.
- Interdiction and Strategic Bombing: The disruption of enemy supply chains through bombing campaigns, which drew international criticism.
- Reconnaissance and Electronic Warfare: The vital role of aerial surveillance and electronic tactics in providing intel on enemy movements.
- Psychological Operations and Innovations: The use of tactics aimed at demoralizing the enemy, paired with technological advancements like the AC-130 gunship and laser-guided bombs.