Operation Linebacker, a naval and air campaign, played a crucial role in defeating the North Vietnamese Nguyen Hue Offensive and ending the Vietnam War.


  1. Operation Linebacker took place in 1972 during the Vietnam War as a response to North Vietnam's Nguyen Hue Offensive.
  2. The campaign involved the deployment of massive naval and air forces, including six aircraft carriers and 210 B-52 bombers.
  3. The Seventh Fleet's naval forces played a significant role in defeating the enemy's offensive in South Vietnam's Military Region I.
  4. Naval gunfire support from cruisers and destroyers helped South Vietnamese forces stabilize the front line and liberate Quang Tri City.
  5. The mining operations conducted by the fleet effectively closed off North Vietnam's major ports and disrupted enemy supply lines.
  6. The naval bombardment targeted critical infrastructure and logistical movements around Haiphong, putting pressure on the enemy.
  7. The fleet's carrier squadrons and surface warships neutralized the North Vietnamese navy, eliminating the maritime threat.
  8. The campaign witnessed significant successes in air operations, with Navy and Air Force bombing campaigns degrading North Vietnam's defences.
  9. Precision-guided munitions, such as TV-guided bombs and laser-guided bombs, were employed to destroy key enemy targets.
  10. Operation Linebacker II followed, involving a massive B-52 and tactical air assault on North Vietnam, leading to the Paris Agreement in 1973.


Source Information: