In 1894, Japan's fleet overcame China's off the Korean coast, initiating China's "century of humiliation." This victory sparked Japan's half-century dominance as a leading Asian military and naval force.


  1. China was humiliated by Japan in the Battle of the Yalu in 1894.
  2. This battle led to Japan's ascension as the dominant regional power until its World War II defeat by the USA.
  3. China is determination to avoid a repeat of its past humiliation and aims to become the dominant regional power.
  4. China has built a significant, modern yet untried navy.
  5. Japan, in contrast, also possesses a modern, untested navy, but is bolstered by its alliance with the USA.