Extreme wildfires have more than doubled in frequency and intensity from 2003 to 2023.


  1. Fires in the northern hemisphere have released significant smoke and carbon, exacerbating global warming.
  2. Night-time fire reduces respite for firefighters, with fires burning longer.
  3. Australia's extreme fires correlate with record heat, drought, and fuel from heavy rains.
  4. Indigenous practices and modern techniques like mechanical thinning needed.