Parts of northern Australia are sparsely populated and incredibly remote. These characteristics pose significant barriers to economic growth and could potentially impact national security.
- The 2015 white paper, Our North, our future, provided no clear direction regarding its plan to quadruple the population of northern Australia.
- The defence sector plays a significant role in the northern region, employing approximately seven per cent of the workforce and contributing to population growth.
- Due to population aging, the proportion of Australians in the northern workforce is expected to decrease in the future.