BLUFGeostrategy explains why Russia wants to control the relatively flat plains of Ukraine—in recent history, France and Germany have tried to conquer Russia by advancing through Ukraine.
Daniel Immerwahr writing in the Guardian, makes the following points:
- Russia's invaded Ukraine despite both countries being integrated into the global economy.
- International relations are affected by mountains, land and rivers.
- Geography might influence a nation's strategy, but it doesn't have to dictate it.
- Geography can also be negated by technology, for example, air power.