Sixteen nations are currently participating alongside Australia in Exercise Pitch Black. The biennial exercise aims to enhance interoperability and develop strong relationships between participating military forces.


This article by Defence News makes the following points:
  • This year, more than 100 aircraft and 2500 personnel are participating in Pitch Black.
  • Participating countries include Canada, France, Germany, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Thailand, UAE, US and the UK.
  • Exercise Pitch Black 2022 will conclude on 8 September.


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