Armenia and Azerbaijan are at war again see: The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict explained. The disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region has become a battlefield for conventional and advanced weaponry with the virtual domain vital to military success. Technological advancements in uninhabited aerial systems have provided an early tactical advantage to Azerbaijan; however, tactical victories do not necessarily guarantee operational or strategic success. Will this conflict become yet another battle of attrition? The Nagorno-Karabakh war is an intriguing demonstration of some aspects of modern warfare. Azerbaijan gained control of the air which gave them a significant advantage over Armenian ground forces and their antiquated air defence systems. Consider how modern air power is employed in this conflict and the implications for Australia.