BLUFThe author argues there were three WW2 turning points—Stalingrad (Eastern Front), Battle of Britain (Western Europe) and Midway (Pacific). The German loss at Stalingrad put Germany on the defensive for the remainder of the war leading to its eventual unconditional surrender.
Christian Orr writing in 19FortyFive, makes the following points:
- Stalin ordered that his namesake city – vital for the oil fields of the Caucasus, be defended at all costs.
- By attacking the German flanks where less experienced and poorly equipped Italian, Hungarian and Romanian troops were placed, the Russians encircled Stalingrad.
- Hitler refused permission for his troops to break out, thinking they could be supplied by air- the 700 tons daily needed was unachievable.
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References from the Web:
- FEB 2023 This Is Not 1943-the Atlantic
- FEB 2023 Putin evokes Stalingrad battle as he vows victory in Ukraine war-ALJAZEERA