It’s unlikely Russia expected the level of resistance it is now facing when Moscow first decided to invade Ukraine. So, in addition to dealing with Ukraine’s armed forces, Russia will likely struggle to pacify the territory it has seized.


This article by Christopher Morris, writing for The Guardian, makes the following points:
  • Ukrainian resistance has been much fiercer than expected; this is as true in occupied regions as it is on the front lines.
  • Continued resistance in occupied regions challenges the Russian narrative and its strategy.
  • In addition to conducting significant preparation and training, Ukraine had a legal and administrative framework in place to conduct a whole-of-society resistance well before the invasion.
  • Russia—planning on a swift ‘liberation’ of Ukraine—is unlikely to have planned on confronting a serious resistance of any nature.


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