The exercise aims to demonstrate to adversaries such as Iran and China that Washington is not too distracted by the Ukraine war to mobilize a large military force and that Israel is a trusted partner.


This article by Courtney Kube, writing for NBC News, makes the following points:
  • Juniper Oak 23 is the most significant joint exercise between the US and Israel to date.
  • This exercise involves 6,400 US personnel and 1,100 Israeli personnel.
  • Aircraft involved include B-52 bombers, F-35 and F/A-18 fighter jets, and MQ-9 Reaper drones.


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