In the WW2 Solomon Islands Guadalcanal Campaign, US Marines used a hybrid form of defence that utilised offensive tactical forays that wore down their competent and determined Japanese foes leading to their defeat.
This article by James Holmes in The National Interest makes the following points:
- Once U.S. Marine defenders had withstood Japanese counterattacks and had adequate supplies, they were able to employ Active Defence tactics.
- Active defence incorporates offensive tactical forays into a predominantly defensive posture.
- Active defence enabled U.S. forces to hold Guadalcanal’s airfield.
- The same principles have been used by China..
- Guadalcanal demonstrates that strategists need to constantly evaluate and re-evaluate the relative importance of defence and offense.
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Source Information: The National Interest