A presentation based on a famous essay written by Sir Michael Howard, "THE USE AND ABUSE OF MILITARY HISTORY" by Michael Howard (


  1. Operational history provides critical insights from past military strategies and tactics, fostering learning and improvisation for future endeavors. 
  2. The study of war changes with time and cultures, highlighting the need for historians to explore societal and warfare transformations. 
  3. Transition to non-state warfare demands an understanding of social, political, and intellectual history alongside traditional operational history. 
  4. Current conflicts involve non-state actors and political violence, requiring war historians to examine these aspects.
  5.  A multidisciplinary approach encompassing operational history, enemy history, and socio-political context is crucial for successful military operations.


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