Despite its initial success, the invasion ultimately turned into a catastrophic failure for Napoleon, marking a turning point in his fortunes.


  1. Napoleon’s Continental System restricted trade with Britain.
  2. Russia defied the System, leading to Napoleon's invasion.
  3. The Russian army employed strategic retreats and scorched-earth tactics.
  4. Moscow was abandoned and burned by the Russians.
  5. Out of 600,000 soldiers who entered Russia, only 112,000 returned.