The Spanish Armada was a formidable naval fleet sent by Catholic Spain in 1588 to invade England and replace Queen Elizabeth I, a Protestant, with a Catholic monarch. However, English ships were more agile and had a greater rate of fire; together with favorable weather conditions, this led to the defeat of the Armada.
- The Spanish Armada's 1588 invasion of England failed due to the English navy's superior tactics and firepower.
- Commanders like Francis Drake and John Hawkins played key roles in the English victory.
- The Armada's defeat resulted in a devastating naval catastrophe for the Spanish.
- The English victory marked a turning point, solidifying their naval dominance and weakening Spanish power.