There are two mindsets: Limited (feeling depleted and needing rest after exertion) and Non-limited (feeling that mental stamina self-renews).


  1. Research suggests that the perception of busyness affects willpower.
  2. Those with a non-limited mindset tend to be more productive and resist temptations better.
  3. Perspective matters; willpower can be a self-fulfilling prophecy.
  4. Pushing past limits can shift the willpower mindset toward the non-limited end.