BLUFWhen the UN voted for the formation of the state of Israel, the Arab world objected; this book excerpt examines how Israel defended itself from Arab nations and was able to establish the state of Israel.
This article is a chapter (The 1948 Palestine War), from the book ‘Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-state’ by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr., which makes the following points:
- Egypt was a troubled country between 1945 and 1952.
- Its leader, King Faruq, was corrupt and an ineffective leader.
- His family owned around 10% of Egypt’s land.
- The British had tried to depose him.
- Ninety per cent of the population suffered from poverty, illiteracy, endemic diseases and a sense of hopelessness.
- The US urged an Egyptian New Deal.
- The British Mandate over Palestine ended in May 1948.
- The State of Israel was declared at the same time.
- The Arab League resolved to go to war against Israel.
- Faruq committed the Egyptian Army to fight in the 1948 Palestine War to prevent Amir Abdallah of Transjordan from controlling Palestine if the Arabs won.
- The Egyptian general staff warned that the Army was so unprepared it even had to borrow road maps of Palestine.
- Faruq made the strategic decisions but was compromised by his mistress passing details to Israel.
- There were no plans to resupply Egyptian forces,
- Army leadership regarded it as a political war.
- There was no coordination between Arab forces.
- Israel defeated the Arab armies, including Egypt.
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References from the Web:
- The Arab-Israeli War of 1948- Department of State USA
- Ken Stein, The Arab-Israel War of 1948 – A Short History-CIE
- MAY 2017 The Nakba did not start or end in 1948-AlJazeera
- MAY 2018 How the Idea of Return Has Shaped the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict for 70 Years-Time
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