Design innovations from the Vietnam War experience led to the adoption of fly-by-wire technology and a joystick controller.


  1. Over 4,600 aircraft were produced, with more than 800 still in U.S. Air Force service (2023).
  2. Transitioned from dogfighter to ground attack and reconnaissance roles.
  3. The prototype nearly crashed during testing.
  4. Remains a frontline combat aircraft, significantly impacting modern aviation.