The Strategist identifies five threats to international stability and security-climate change, challenges to democracy and the rule of law, information operations, economic instability and terrorism.


Afeeya AkhandLuisa GyhnMarcus Schultz and Shivangi Seth, writing in the Strategist, note the following threats:


  1. Climate change- the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report notes that, without serious action, 2100 predicted 3.2-degree global warming would lead to food insecurity, pandemics, conflict, etc.
  2. Challenges to democracy and the rule of law- the Israeli government’s proposal to enable the Knesset (Parliament) to override Supreme Court decisions threatens democracy and may lead to civil war.
  3. Information operations- US Special Operations Command aims to build next-generation capabilities in social media, deep fakes, influence operations, digital deception, communication disruption, and disinformation.
  4. Economic instability- the UK Integrated Security Fund will try to combat global economic volatility and insecurity.
  5. Terrorism- destabilising Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo, the Sahel and coastal West Africa.


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